ADOLESCENE:DISCOVERY OF AN ADULT IN A CHILD
Adolescene is a period between childhood and adulthood which begins with the first signs of puberty and end with the development of complete sexual maturity.
It is period of all turbulence-physical,physiological and learning.There is an accelerated physical growth,development of reproductive organs.Harmones including sex harmones are produced in increasing quantity.It result in frequent shifts mood and emotions.This is the time when the adolescent begins to self assert searching for self identity and self esteem and self respect while the adult consider them to be too young for allowing them the freedom of action.There are numerous fumbling and pitfalls.It helps them to come out of the conflicts and become responsible citizens.counselling in schools and at home is extremely helpful.
10 Reason for drug/alcohol abuse
1.Curiosity:Reference to drugs,smoking and alcohol in print media,electronic media,movies,internet and by addicts creates curiosity for having a personal experience.
2.Experimentation:There is a natural tendency of every child to experiment.
3.Adventure and Excitement:A child may go in for use of drug,smoking and alcoholic drink for the sake of adventure and excitement.
4.Family set up:In certain families use of alcohol,tobacco,sleeping pills,and pain killersis common.It induce the youngsters to taste the same.
5.Group to peer pressure:Friends and peer groups often initiate new comers to addiction for the sake of company.
6.Feeling and independence: Nonadjustment top social hierarchy may initiate some adolescents to drugs,alcohol and smoking as a defiance of authority and felling of independence.
7.progressiveness:There is a false perception that taking of drugs,alcohol or smoking is a sign of progressiveness in society.
8.Stress:Adolescents are often under stress due to pressure for excelling in academics, sports,hobbies and other activities.They fall in for addictive substances in order to overcome stress.
9.Overcoming frustation and depression:set back in academic,professional or family life may lead some persons to use alcohol,drugs or tobacco for overcoming frustation and depression.
10.Unsupportive family structure:An unstable or unsupportive family structure often leads youngsters to drugs,tobacco or alcohol addiction.
STAGES IN ADDICTION / ADOLESCENE
Five stages are recognised:
1.Experimental use:Taking a drug,alcohol or smoking1-2 times under group or peer pressure.
2.Recreational use:use of addictive substance out of wrong notion that it give pleasure, intoxication or eupheria.
3.Situational use:Intake of drug ,alcohol or smoking more than a few times but only in the company of others..
4.Cumpulsive use:regular use.with regular use,the tolerance levels of receptors increases.with the change in response level,the receptors are fully activated with higher and higher doses.
5.Dependence:after an interval of regular use,a person becomes dependent and cannot do without drug/alcohol/smoking…………………………………………………………………….