WHAT ARE THE TOP 17 HARMFUL EFFECTS OF TOBACCO
1.STAINS AND SMELL:Smoking stains teeth and fingers .use of tobacco in any form is accompained by an unpleasant smell.
2.COUGH:Deposition of tar in respiratory tract,heat,ciliotoxins and irritants present in tobacco smoke cause a chronic wheezing cough and sputum production .it is called smoker cough.
3.SHORTERBREATH:smokers often show shorter breath and breathlessness.It is due to two reasons:1.higher percentage of carboxyhaemoglobin (2-15%).It reduces oxygen carrying capacity of the blood .2.respiratory tract inflammation and irritation.
4.BRONCHITIS:smoking often leads to bronchitis .bronchitis is acute chronic inflammation and irritation of trachea,bronchi and bronchioles.obstruction may occur in finer passages.diffusing capacity of respiratory system is impaired .
5.EMPHYSEMA:inflammation of respiratory tract,bronchoconstriction and bronchiole obstructions lead to breakdown of alveolar walls and reduction in the area of exchange of respiratory gases .the disorder is callled emphysema.it result in shorter breath.
6.PREMATURE WRINKLING:smoking bring about premature wrinkling.
7.FALL IN IMMUNITY:There is decreased immunity to various diseases.Respiratory system infections become more common in smokers,e.g. influenza,pneumonia.
8.TOBACCO AMBLYOPIA:spasm develops in retinal blood vessels that leads to reduce vision.
9.CRAMPS AND TREMORS:tobacco addicts experience frequent tremors and cramps.
10.GASTRO-INTESTINAL DISORDERS:there is increased incidence of duodenal and peptic ulcers .oesophagal and pyloric sphincters become less efficient .pancreas secrete less carbonate.
11.BLOOD PRESSURE AND HEARTBEAT:Nicotine has a stimulating effect on adrenal glands.There is increased secretion of adrenaline and noradrenaline.As a result both heart beat and blood pressure increase.
12.SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION:Continued use of tobacco leads to male infertility.
13.SMOKING WOMEN:They have high incidence of abortions.There is reduced and abnormal growth of foetus.osteoporosis is common.
14.ARTERIOSCLEROSISAND ATHEROSCLEROSIS:Smoking leads to peripheral vaso-constriction,areteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis and aneurysm.blocking of blood vessel may occur due to excessive thrombosis and atherosclerosis.
15.CARBON MONOXIDE:There is increase in carbon monoxidecontent in blood .It reduces oxygen carrying capacity of haemoglobin resulting in decreased stamina.
16.SOCIAL EFFECT:Smoking is annoying to nonsmokers.It risks their health.tobacco addicts spend a lot of money in purchasing it products.they also set a bad example for their children as well as other youngsters who come in their contact.
17.CANCERS:Its smoke contain alarge number of ciliotoxins,irritants,cocarinogens,carcinogens and tumour stimulants.smoking one packet of cigarette a day increase risk of lung cancer by 10 time.two packets of cigaretees a day multiples risk of lung cancer by 25 times.cancers related to cigarettes are lung cancer,oral cancer,pharyngeal cancer,laryngeal cancer,oesophageal cancer,stomach cancer,skin cancer,cancers of anus vulva bladder cervix,etc.